Introduction to Industrial Engineering
By Jane M. Fraser
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4.2 People in an organization
An organization is created to accomplish some mission.
The people in that organization also have a vision of what they want the organization to be.
Values govern how the people in the organization will get to that vision.
Who are the people who do all that?
Consider these examples:
General Motors Corporation (GMC) has a Board of Directors with 12 members,
including G. Richard Wagoner, Jr., Chairman & Chief Executive Officer of
General Motors Corporation. None of the other Directors are employees of GMC.
GMC has 3 Vice Chairmen, an Executive Vice President (for Law & Public Policy and General Counsel),
9 Group Vice Presidents (for areas such as North America Manufacturing and Labor Relations,
GM Europe, and GM Powertrain), 40 other Senior Leaders
(including, for example, GM Europe Vice President, Engineering, and Managing Director, Opel)
and 3 staff officers (including, for example, the General Auditor and the Chief Tax Officer).
GM employs about 325,000 people around the world.
- Colorado State University-Pueblo has a 10 member Board of Governors, including
Larry Edward Penley (Chancellor, Colorado State University System & President, Colorado State University).
CSU-Pueblo also has
a president, a chief academic officer (provost), four academic Deans, Dean of the Library,
a VP of Finance and Administration, a Dean of Student Life and Development,
a Director of Intercollegiate Athletics, 17 Department chairs, about 150 faculty members,
and about 300 other staff employees.
- Krage Manufacturing, Pueblo, CO, was founded by Sam Krage,
who is owner and president.
James Velasquez (who has a BS in Mechanical Engineering Technology
and MS in Industrial and Systems Engineering from CSU-Pueblo)
is in charge of engineering and manufacturing. Krage Manufacturing employs 27 people
in manufacturing operations and 3 people in support (material ordering, customer
service, and programming).
All organizations contain the following four groups of people:
- The founder, directors, president, chief executive officer, or entrepreneur.
These people determine the mission of the organization and
broadly define the types of processes and values the organization
will use in achieving that mission.
These people set up and monitor the processes
that will be used to achieve the organizationís mission.
- Workers. These people actually do the work of the organization.
They make the products and they deliver the services to customers.
They are sometimes called line workers.
- Support. These people provide the goods and services
the workers need that are not part of the mission of the organization,
for example, information technology, accounting, and the cafeteria.
They are sometimes called staff workers.
Even an organization with one person has these four roles.
As I wrote this book, I was acting as the director of my one person organization
when I decided to take on the mission of writing an introduction to industrial engineering
and to apply for a sabbatical to do so. I was acting as a manager
when I decided to write the book on my home computer and
when I laid out my schedule, chapter by chapter.
I spent most of my time acting as the worker, writing the book.
Finally, I was support staff for myself when I set up my computer, my book cases,
and my work space so that I could actually focus on the writing.